Glocal Perspectives in Iberian Studies
Glocal Perspectives in Iberian Studies
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Descrizione del progetto
The project focuses on the complex and ever changing concept of identity in Iberian context, integrated by constantly evolving elements; a rather dynamic notion experiencing nonstop development. So, it studies the circumstances determining the (re)definition of the identity profile –that is to say, the process of its construction, deconstruction and reconstruction–. Such circumstances can be identified with: the historical and socio-political roots (e.g. history and extreme events, such as the loss of independence and the disappearance of the country from the map); the redefinition of the identity during the phase of resumption (e.g. after a period of external influence), which has different connotations in each scope; the existence of a socio-cultural and political context facilitating the process of identity reconstruction; or, in other words, the propitious conditions that promote cultural renaissance and play a decisive role in this process, developed through the assumption, re-elaboration and re-expression of significant elements and events in the history and culture of a people; the overcoming of the idealistic vision of the 19th century romantic nationalism when rebuilding identity, replaced by greater realism, pragmatism and concreteness, based on a critical analysis of history.
All this becomes even more complex considering the dialectic between ‘centre’ and ‘periphery’, two concepts that refer not only to geographical position but also involve ideological dynamics, socio-political and economic balances, cultural codes that are constantly defined through the tension between the immobility supported by the hegemony of dominant groups (thus, defined ‘majority’) and the dynamism promoted by subordinate groups (identified as ‘minority’). Therefore, the notion of ‘peripheral’ (that is, a minority group) can be synthesised taking advantage of three paramount aspects: the existence and manifestation of collective consciousness; the elaboration of socio-political questions and concerns; the dialectic between its own system (peripheral or minority) and the other system (central or majority), which according to historical contexts can be or can become collaborative, extraneous, tense, conflictive. These relationships are characterised by constant mobility: in fact, both concepts of ‘peripheral’ and ‘minority’ indicate a role that can be temporary; that is to say, the potentially transitory conditions of a group that is excluded from the majority group, regardless of its number, or it is included in a subordinate relationship regarding the mechanism that determines the hegemonic group. Hence, it is a fluid mechanism that is subject to constant variation, influences the system and can modify it.
Therefore, the (re)construction of identity will also be defined especially in cultural production. In order to understand its functioning, it will be necessary to study the context that generates it and the intertext that holds it. In addition, particularly in the dialectic between national identities and global trends, it needs to be stressed that the elements involved, such as cultural peculiarity and universal openness, are complementary factors and they are not opposed or antithetical, as they renew intercultural dialogue and consolidate the distinctive identity elements that participate in the process of universalisation.This mechanism feeds both forces, which are revealed to be correlative and interdependent and not alien or contrasting. Thus, culture, in all its manifestations, reflects these mechanisms and their complexity, whose analysis is essential for the deepening of the topic. It will then be a question of studying the peculiar identity factors, which characterize the cultural expressions in the contemporary Iberian context from some fundamental interrelated perspectives. The approach to studying the nature and phenomenology of the identity expression permits the realisation of its analysis articulating it on complementary plans, in order to delineate the iridescent identity profile deeply rooted in the communities of reference. In the plural Iberic field this means taking into consideration all different linguistic cultural components that integrate it, which moreover constantly hybridise and evolve themselves.
Phase 1: Contemporary Catalan Classics – Contemporary Catalans and Classics: Conventionally, we identify the biginning of the Renaixença with the publication of Carles Aribau’s Oda a la Pàtria (1833). Ideally, this ode could represent the beginning of the recovery of Catalan literature –after a long parenthesis during the 16th-18th c.–, which will lead to the rich growth of the successive production, until the contemporary age. In less than two centuries, the spread and diffusion of an impressive artistic-literary development will allow once again the Catalan area to play a prominent role in the international culture. Particularly, during the 20th c. we observe the appearance of outstanding tendencies, artists and masterpieces which can be considered “Contemporary Catalan Classics”, a very ascending parabola with a constant progression, lasting until today. This phase of the project studies some peculiar key figures and innovative tendencies of this process, taking into consideration the specific features which characterize them, according to the most recent and experimental trends.
Phase 2: Representing Identity: Intersemioticy and Transmediality in Contemporary Hispanic Cultures: The approach to studying the nature and phenomenology of the identity expression permits the realisation of its analysis articulating it on complementary plans, in order to delineate the iridescent identity profile deeply rooted in the community of reference. In the plural Hispanic field this means taking into consideration the different linguistic and cultural components that integrate it, namely the Castilian, Catalan, Galician and Basque. Some strategic aspects have been favoured for the framing of the representation of identity from an intersemiotic and transmedial perspective: the fictionalisation of historical memory as a reflection of identity components; cinema and photography as instruments of transversal identity expression; cultural heritage and social representations of identity identification; the dramatization of identity factors; and the role of the historical-literary icons as a synthesis of identity.
Phase 3: Nation, Language and Literature in the Pluricultural Castilian-Catalan-Galician-Basque Area: Study of the nature and phenomenology of the national profile and its manifestations articulated on complementary plans, in order to sketch its peculiar characterization. In the plural Hispanic area this means taking into consideration the different historical, linguistic and cultural components that integrate it, namely the Castilian, Catalan, Galician and Basque. Some strategic aspects have been chosen for the framing of the representation of the concept of Nation: the idea of Nation and its evolution, focusing on the paradox between the existence of objective elements of local identity and the lack of correspondence with a widely felt nationalist political identification; the different political languages spoken, their conceptual formation and the narratives to which they correspond. The evolution of nationalism from federalism and autonomism to an independence movement. The role of bilingualism, translation and self-translation as well as the study of heterolingualism within Translation Studies, supratranslation, self-translation or indirect translation; the future of RMLanguages as a whole. The fictionalization of individual, collective and historical memory through literarization and dramatization; the representation of the armed conflicts, their narrative, and their reception; finally, how the experience of exile can influence the creativity of an author.
Risultati e pubblicazioni
2016: Contemporary Catalan Classics – Contemporary Catalans and Classics, Introduction and ed. V. Orazi, monograph of eHumanista/IVITRA, 9, 2016 (link: <http://www.ehumanista.ucsb.edu/ivitra/volumes/9>)
2018: Representing Identity: Intersemioticy and Transmediality in Contemporary Hispanic Cultures, Introduction and ed. V. Orazi, monograph of eHumanista/IVITRA, 13, 2018 (link: <https://www.ehumanista.ucsb.edu/ivitra/volume/13>)
2019: Nation, Language and Literature in the Pluricultural Castilian-Catalan-Galician-Basque Context, Introduction and ed. V. Orazi, monograph of eHumanista/IVITRA, 15, 2019 (link: <https://www.ehumanista.ucsb.edu/ivitra/volume/15>)